The prevention and control of foot-and-mouth disease

Foot-and-mouth disease is an acute, hot, highly contagious disease of cloven-hoofed animals such as cattle, sheep, and pigs. The Ministry of Agriculture classified it as a type of animal infectious disease, and the World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) listed it as a statutory report of animal infectious diseases. The disease has the characteristics of acute onset, rapid epidemic, wide spread, and high incidence. The incubation period is generally 2 to 7 days, and individual days can be as long as 21 days. It can occur throughout the year.

Prevention and control measures: In order to control the occurrence and prevalence of the disease, the epidemic area and the threatened area can only take comprehensive prevention and control measures based on immunity, culling and disinfection.

1. Principles of Immunization In affected and threatened areas, Vulnerable Vaccines are regularly given to susceptible animals such as pigs, cattle, and sheep. Intramuscular injection of type O foot-and-mouth disease inactivated vaccine; intramuscular injection of O-Asia type I bivalent inactivated vaccine; dairy cattle and breeding bulls injected with type A inactivated vaccine.

2. Slaughter sick animals and the same group of livestock. All whale-and-mouth disease animals and the same group of animals shall be culled and harmlessly treated.

3. Once the epidemic is disposed of, the epidemic shall be promptly reported and comprehensive measures such as blockade, isolation and disinfection shall be strictly implemented in the epidemic area.

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